By Justice Hub
Some things are impossible until they happen. Hissène Habré, the former Chadian dictator, evaded justice for almost three decades. Many of his victims had lost hope that he would ever be brought to justice let alone that it could happen on African soil....
Everything you always wanted to know about the Permanent Court of Arbitration (but didn’t know who to ask)
Despite being more than a hundred years old, not many people know much about the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) based in The Hague even though it deals with hundreds of cases every year. Justice Hub’s own Janet Anderson recently sat down with one of the foremost experts on the PCA, Prof Ricardo Abello Galvis, of the University del Rosario in Bogota Colombia, on the sidelines of the I Polyphonic Day on International Justice recently held in The Hague.
Judges at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) have been hearing this week arguments about the convictions for war crimes in 2013 of six former high ranking Bosnian Croats. They received a total of 111 years in the original verdict for forcibly removing Bosniaks in an attempt to create a ‘Greater Croatia’ during the 1990’s. Their war crimes and crimes against humanity included murders, rapes, sexual assault and deportations.
Their appeal – and the strong support for it in Croatia - is one example of how the tribunal’s legacy is in dispute.
The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) - commonly referred as the Khmer Rouge Tribunal or Cambodia Tribunal - is a hybrid court established in 1997 to try the most senior Khmer Rouge leaders for alleged violations of international law and serious crimes perpetrated during the Cambodian genocide.
Libya was a dictatorship from 1969 until 2011. Protests against the rule of Muammar Gaddafi began in mid-January 2011, with Libyans gathering to complain about political corruption. There were violent clashes with the police and numerous arrests. The protests escalated into a rebellion that quickly engulfed the entire country.
The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) is a United Nations' court of law that deals with war crimes that took place during the conflicts in the Balkans in the 1990s.
Countless hours have been spent speculating what the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Court will do next. Will there be an investigation into crimes allegedly committed by the current Ivorian president, Alassane Ouattara? What will be the next investigation into the Democratic Republic of Congo? Why does it take so long for a case to get to trial?
For much of its history, Mali has been unstable. Shortly after Mali achieved independence from France in 1960, the Tuaregs in the north of the country attempted their first rebellion to obtain independence and create the state of Azawad. The revolt failed, but the Tuaregs have launched several rebellions since then, the last one being in 2012.
The next in our series of long-form infocomics about the situations at the International Criminal Court. In 2003, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni presented an official referral to the ICC for the crimes allegedly committed by the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA). One of the LRA's leaders, Dominic Ongwen, is now in ICC custody in The Hague.
The next in our series of long-form infocomics about the situations at the International Criminal Court. In late December 2007, violence broke out in Kenya following a disputed election. Over 1100 people were killed and more than 600,000 were displaced in a two-month period.