By Benjamin Duerr*
The ICC Dictionary is a guide for everyone interested in the proceedings in The Hague. It contains almost 200 of the most important terms and concepts with short explanations in alphabetical order. Justice Hub is presenting a selection of some of the terms highlighted by the Dictionary.
- In phase 1, the Office checks all information on alleged crimes to filter out crimes that are outside the jurisdiction of the Court.
- In the second phase, the prosecutors analyse information they receive or have collected to determine whether the ICC could excercise jurisdiction over the particuar crimes with regard to the moment in time they were committed.
- In phase 3, prosecutors check whether the national authorities are already investigating or prosecuting the same persons for the same crimes. They also assess if the crimes are of sufficient gravity.
- In the last phase, the prosecutors consider the “interests of justice”. If an investigation would not serve the interests of justice, for example, because only one side could be targeted – the prosecutor can decide not to proceed.
Benjamin Duerr is a correspondent and foreign reporter covering the International Criminal Court and the war crimes tribunals in The Hague.